Philipp Kanske

Philipp Kanske

Jahrgang 1980
Mitglied seit 2015
Fach: Psychologie/Neurowissenschaften

Kontakt
Technische Universität Dresden
Institut für Kinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie

01062 Dresden

Tel.: (0351) 463 42225
Fax: (0351) 463 36984
philipp.kanske@tu-dresden.de

Forschungsgebiete

  • Neuronale Grundlagen von Emotionsregulation und Emotionsverstehen

  • Emotionale Prozesse bei psychischen Störungen

  • Plastizität von Emotionserleben

 

Vita

  • seit 2017

    Professor für Klinische Psychologie und Behaviorale Neurowissenschaft an der Technischen Universität Dresden

  • 2017

    Heinz Maier-Leibnitz-Preis der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft

  • 2014

    Habilitation an der Universität Heidelberg

  • 2013

    Lilly Young Investigator Fellowship in Bipolar Disorder der International Conference on Bipolar Disorder

  • 2013

    Young Investigator Award der European Brain and Behaviour Society

  • 2012-2017

    Forschungsgruppenleiter am Max-Planck-Institut für Kognitions- und Neurowissenschaften, Leipzig

  • 2011

    Approbation zum Psychologischen Psychotherapeuten

  • 2009-2011

    Post-Doktorand am Zentralinstitut für Seelische Gesundheit, Mannheim

  • 2008

    Otto-Hahn-Medaille der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

  • 2008

    Promotion an der Universität Leipzig (Dr. rer. nat.)

  • 2003-2004

    Studium der Kognitiven Neurowissenschaften/Psychologie an der University of Oregon (M.Sc.) gefördert durch Fulbright

  • 1999-2005

    Studium der Psychologie an der Technischen Universität Dresden (Dipl.-Psych.) gefördert durch das evangelische Studienwerk Villigst

Publikation im Fokus

Dissecting the Social Brain: Empathy, Compassion and Theory of Mind

Dissecting the Social Brain: Empathy, Compassion and Theory of Mind

Successful social interaction requires that we understand what our conspecifics think and feel. How does the brain accomplish this task that we, effortlessly it seems, perform everyday? In this study we tried to dissect the neural routes that enable the sharing of others’ emotions (empathy) and the reasoning about their thoughts and intentions (Theory of Mind). We presented short video clips to participants in which people talked about emotionally distressing or neutral events from their lives. Brain scans revealed that a specific neural network tracked, how much empathy participants felt, particularly during the distressing stories. Some of these stories were told in a way, that our participants had to infer what the other actually meant. Here, a separate neural network is activated and stronger activation in this network leads to better performance in questions about what the others were thinking. Interestingly, a third set of regions was activated, when participants reported to feel compassion, that is, a caring, warm feeling of loving-kindness, for the suffering of the other, in German maybe ‘Nächstenliebe’. These results show that related social functions are nevertheless separable on a brain level and, possibly need to be trained specifically. Kanske P*, Böckler A*, Trautwein F-M*, Singer T (2015) Dissecting the social brain: Introducing the EmpaToM to reveal distinct neural networks and brain-behavior relations for empathy and Theory of Mind. NeuroImage 122:6-19. *contributed equally

Publikationen

  • Impaired regulation of emotion: Neural correlates of reappraisal and distraction in bipolar disorder and unaffected relatives

    Kanske P, Schönfelder S, Forneck J, Wessa M (2015). Translational Psychiatry 5:e497

  • Neural correlates of emotional distractibility in bipolar disorder, unaffected relatives and individuals with hypomanic personality

    Kanske P, Heissler J, Schönfelder S, Forneck J, Wessa M (2013). American Journal of Psychiatry 170:1487-1496

  • Goal-directed behavior under emotional distraction is preserved by enhanced task-specific activation

    Wessa M, Heissler J, Schönfelder S, Kanske P (2013). Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience 8:305-12

  • Neural correlates of emotion regulation deficits in remitted depression: The influence of regulation strategy, habitual regulation use, and emotional valence

    Kanske P, Heissler J, Schönfelder S, Wessa M (2012). NeuroImage 61:686-93

  • How to regulate emotion? Neural networks for reappraisal and distraction

    Kanske P, Heissler J, Schönfelder S, Bongers A, Wessa M (2011). Cerebral Cortex 21:1379-1388

  • Emotion triggers executive attention: anterior cingulate cortex and amygdala responses to emotional words in a conflict task

    Kanske P, Kotz SA (2011). Human Brain Mapping 32:198-208

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